“Who Was Miron Winslow’s Second Wife?”

Did Dr. John and Harriet (Waterbury) Scudder Recruit Their New Brother-in-law?

by Margery Boyden, Scudder Association Foundation Historian.

©Scudder Association Foundation. All rights reserved



C. Winslow[1], Miron Winslow’s Second Wife


Catherine Winslow, Miron’s second wife, is the sister of Harriet (Waterbury) Scudder. The diary of Catherine Winslow reveals an articulate woman of sophisticated culture whose literary talents were used to describe her deep love for her family as well as providing many other interesting observations from her travels. Catherine’s diary and letters also describe her spiritual transformation and her highly anticipated reunion with her beloved sister Harriet whom she had not seen for sixteen years or had ever dreamed she would see again.


Brief Review about the Scudders and Miron Winslow and His First Wife Harriet

Dr. John Scudder and his wife Harriet (Waterbury) Scudder became very well acquainted with Rev. Miron Winslow and his first wife, Harriet Wadsworth (Lathrop) Winslow, as they sailed together for a 130-day long voyage to Calcutta in 1819.[2] They and two other missionary couples had volunteered to spend the rest of their lives in missionary service in Ceylon which they hoped would soon evolve into service in India when permission was granted.


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Harriet Wadsworth Lathrop Winslow,[3] Miron’s first wife

The two Harriets would be dearest of friends and each other’s support system in their new faraway field of labor at Ceylon (Sri Lanka). Their connection was beyond friendship, however, for Mrs. Harriet Winslow was a Scudder descendant and one could make the case that she and her husband should be included in the count of Scudder missionaries who served in Ceylon and India, especially since Mrs. Harriet Winslow gave her full measure of devotion and is buried at Uduvil in Sri Lanka.


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Details of biographical data for the four missionary couples aboard ship are published in the Scudder Family Historical & Biographical Journal, v. 1. No. 2, (June 2019) in “Did Dr. John Scudder Know He Had Two Scudder Missionary Cousins Aboard the Indus, 1819?” and “Harriet Wadsworth (Lathrop) Winslow: The Third ‘Scudder’ Cousin on the Indus. See Journal Vol 1 No 2 June 2019. These articles share that Mrs. Winslow was a distant Scudder cousin of Dr. John Scudder. Mrs. Harriet Wadsworth (Lathrop) Winslow was thrice descended from immigrant Elizabeth2 Scudder (E), (John1, HenryA) and her husband Samuel2 Lathrop (Rev. John1); twice on her paternal line and again of this same couple on her maternal line.[5] Dr. John Scudder descended through Elizabeth (E)’s uncle Thomas (T). No document tells whether Dr. John Scudder or Mrs. Winslow knew of this distant family connection. Their individual histories do show that each had separately felt the call to foreign missionary service and had signed up independently and each were extraordinary missionaries.


From 1819, The Friendship of Two Remarkable Female Missionary Harriets:

Harriet (Waterbury) Scudder and Harriet Wadsworth (Lathrop) Winslow


Harriet (Waterbury) Scudder had bade a painful goodbye to her dear family in New York which she supposed was the last she time she would see any of them during her days on earth. Her husband Dr. John Scudder, M.D. had accepted an assignment as the first medical missionary from America to go to a foreign land. He was to commence his work in Ceylon, off the coast of India, and their plan was that they would spend the rest of their lives in what is now Sri Lanka and eventually in India.

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Harriet (Waterbury) Scudder[6]


Although tearfully, Harriet bravely set aside concerns about ever seeing her loved ones again while her husband John bravely bore his father’s angry resolve. Having hoped his son would remain a successful doctor in New York, rather than enter the ministry or missionary service, Joseph Scudder made it clear that by embarking on this mission, Joseph would no longer consider Dr. John Scudder to be his son.[7] Observing this scene, James B. Taylor, records of Harriet and John:


[W]e can with difficulty imagine their feelings when, just about to leave home, and country, and all the blessings of Christian society, they heard one and another say, ‘my friend, my sister, farewell, for ever!’…I shall never forget Dr. Scudder’s looks, or his words. As he spoke, his eye kindled, and his cheek glowed with the ardor of Christian benevolence….’Only give me your prayers, and that is all I ask.”[8]


With Harriet and Dr. John Scudder was their 16-month-old daughter Maria Catherine, named for the doctor’s mother Maria and Harriet’s sister Catherine. They joined with three other missionary couples at Boston to sail for Calcutta,[9] with “Messrs. Winslow, Spaulding, Woodward and their wives.”[10] Mrs. Lydia Woodward too was a Scudder, a second cousin of Dr. John. They likely knew one another, but, so far as the records state, had also signed up for service independently. The fact that three of the four couples en route to Calcutta had Scudder roots supports the reputation that Scudders have a strong impulse to do service in behalf of others in need.


The two Harriets must have drawn close on their long voyage, becoming friends and then forming one another’s support system as they were about to enter into an unfamiliar world. Mrs. Scudder and Mrs. Winslow had much in common and came from similar backgrounds. Their parents were all from Connecticut and their family roots went back to early immigrants who came to New England in the Puritan migration in the 1630s-1640s.


After they were in Ceylon, Mrs. Harriet Scudder and Mrs. Harriet Winslow were stationed about 17 kilometers apart. While each had their own responsibilities at their separate missionary stations and young children to raise, they saw each other frequently at missionary prayer meetings.


The friendship between Dr. John Scudder and Miron Winslow was also deep for they were likeminded in their intense dedication and enthusiasm for the work as together they built up the Jaffna mission. This mutual support system they had formed would be highly valued in their trials. Three of the Winslows six children had died in childhood before Harriet Winslow died in 1833. Prior to 1821, the first four of the Scudders’ fourteen children also died as infants or before age 2. The two couples were a strength to each other as they suffered these losses or when they themselves were sick or when they needed to counsel about the mission work. It was a great loss to the Scudders, as well as to Miron Winslow, when his wife Harriett Wadsworth (Lathrop) Winslow died at Oodooville (Uduvil), Ceylon with her unborn child.


Oodooville Girls Boarding School founded by Mrs. Harriet Winslow[11]


Rev. Winslow tried to continue his mission work while also making preparations to take his little daughters to America. The three now motherless little Winslow girls were likely often found among the 40 “mostly orphans” that were “looked after” in the Scudder household.[12] The widower Miron had decided to take his girls to America. While there, after an appropriate time, he would find a wife. Since the type of missionary service to which he had been called would be extremely compromised without a wife, he would have to find a woman who would be willing to devote the rest of her life to missionary service in Ceylon and India. Miron’s choice seems more than coincidental and suggests that Dr. John and Harriet (Waterbury) Scudder had a role in the outcome.


Enter Catherine (Waterbury) Carman


Catherine (Waterbury) (Carman) Winslow [13]


Meanwhile, Harriet Scudder’s sister, Catherine (Waterbury) Carman, had been a widow since 1827 or 1828 when her husband Ezekiel Carman died. The name Ezekiel Carman may have a familiar ring to some family members, for Dr. John Scudder and his wife Harriet (Waterbury) Scudder had named their sixth son, born in 1828, after their deceased brother-in-law.


Harriet’s younger sister, Catherine Waterbury, had married Ezekiel Carman on 25 January 1815 at New Haven, Connecticut. He was considerably older than she. Their marriage occurred a year before Dr. John and Harriet Scudder married on 20 January 1816.[14] Three months later Harriet Scudder was entered into the record as a member of the Dutch Reformed Church at New York.[15] There was a later notation that she had gone with Doc. Scudder to Mis. in Ceylon.


As Catherine’s brother Jared described, as a young bride, Catherine Carman had a “devoted partner” who was a ship’s captain.[16] As a privateer in the War of 1812, he was captain of a schooner by the name of Jonquille, given a commission at New York on 26 June 1812.[17]

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One might overlook the historical context that the War of 1812 ended only four and a half years before the first Scudder missionaries sailed for Calcutta in 1819. The United States of America was barely thirty years old when the missionaries left. This second war with Britain concluded with the Treaty of Ghent on December 24, 1814 to end the War of 1812. Ezekiel Carman and Catherine Waterbury were married only a month after the treaty was signed. Prior to his marriage, Capt. Carman had played a role in the defense of America’s maritime rights being infringed by Britain. Ezekiel’s name is found in the Index of the War of 1812, Prisoner of War Records, 1812–1815, a story that could be interesting if additional records are to be found.


At their marriage, Catherine was only eighteen years old. One wonders how they had met, especially with Ezekiel’s service in the War of 1812. That part of the story remains unclear. Catherine’s memoir states that Capt. Ezekiel Carman was considerably older. His birth year and parents were not found satisfactorily but the Carman surname populated Long Island from 1643 when John Carman, early Puritan immigrant to Massachusetts,[18] purchased the land for Hempstead, New York, then New Netherlands, from Algonquins, Tackapousha, Jorrane, Pamaman, Remos, Wamis, Whanege and Gerasco.[19] Carmans were among first English settlers.


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The First Real Estate Transaction in Hempstead[20]

Painting now in the Board Room of the Hempstead Village Hall


The memoir of Catherine (Waterbury) (Carman) Winslow by her brother Jared Bell Waterbury describes her relationship with Capt. Ezekiel Carman:


Scarcely had [Catherine] passed into womanhood, before her hand was solicited and given to one, who as a husband was devoted to her happiness, So far as reciprocal affection was concerned, the attachment was strong; but there was considerable disparity in age and in intellectual cultivation. With this devoted partner of her early life she went several times to Europe, where every facility was afforded her for the cultivation of her tastes and for acquiring a knowledge of the world.[21]



Ship Manifest from the Brig Ohio, captained by Ezekiel Carman, note signature


Her brother Jared continues:


Her husband’s death occurred subsequently to her making a profession of religion, and, as will be shown by one of her letters, under circumstances extremely trying to her faith. For a long time after this sad event she remained a widow, soothing her sorrows in the society of her mother and sisters. Connected with the latter were several little ones, who—having no children of her own—became objects of deepest interest, and for whose amusement and instruction much of the journal herein contained was written.[23]


An Index to New York wills, shows Ezekiel’s estate with a probate date of 25 April 1828.[24] There is no record that the marriage produced any children.


Catherine and Her Waterbury Family


In the memoir Catherine’s brother Jared describes her childhood and early character that will also contain some interesting insights about the Waterbury family that may be of interest also to Scudders interested in missionary Harriet (Waterbury) Scudder’s descendants:


[Catherine] was one of six children, left at a very tender age to the care of a widowed mother. To that mother and to the little group with which she was associated, she was ever the devoted daughter and sister….[Jared]…never, so far as memory serves him, does he recollect that she indicated an unkind or selfish spirit…On the contrary she discovered a noble generosity even in childhood…To these amiable traits was added an early and very remarkable development of mind…in advance of her years….She was a passionate student of the great and varied works of God.[25]


By her own account, in a letter written on 19 November 1835, Catherine reveals that she had not been religiously devout as a young girl and even after she married Mr. Carman. She says:


I was said to be a serious, contemplative child from my infancy, and I had often very affecting thoughts of God and eternity; and oh, how often did I resolve in my school days to seek religion as the one thing all important, but I was so happy in the midst of a large and affectionate family, that I forgot God and turned my back continually on the invitations of the Gospel.[26]


In 1835, while en route to Ceylon, Catherine writes in a letter about the tragedy that occurred a few months after her first marriage. Although her recollection of the year of the event was in error, it being 1815 rather than 1816, she describes how the calamity was instrumental in eventually leading to her conversion, as she would have considered it, to becoming a new creature in Christ:


…my eldest, and tenderly beloved brother was taken from us in a very sudden and dreadful manner. He left us, for a southern clime, in Sept. 1816, in fine health. Length of days seemed written on his sanguine countenance, and we hoped to enjoy many years of happiness with him on his return. Five days after his departure a terrific storm arose, and the little frail vessel in which was, became a prey to its violence…[27]


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I was then enjoying a very gay season at Philadelphia in company with my husband. We were summoned home, and the affecting news communicated that we had lost him who had stood in the place of father to us. It were vain to attempt to tell you of the meeting with our bereaved mother, and all the sorrowful details of our arrive. Suffice it to say that the Holy Spirit visited us as a family. We felt that we were sorely touched, that God was laying his hand upon us most heavily, and we felt that we needed just such an affliction. I was like one awaking from a dream. What a heart was mine as it now appeared, full of sin, regardless of God, and ungrateful for a life of mercies; my heart did not acknowledge him.[29]


An account of the tragedy of brother William M. Waterbury’s death appeared in the New-York Spectator, under the date of Saturday, November 11, 1815. William had been hired by the owners of the Jonquille to be on ship to oversee their interests and given the title of Supercargo. This was the same ship that the owners had previously hired William’s new brother-in-law, Capt. Ezekiel Carman, to command during the War of 1812. So, ironically, the vessel on which Catherine’s brother lost his life, was the vessel that her husband had made his seafaring home during the preceding three years. The sole survivor of the shipwreck made the following deposition after being returned to New York:


Nicholas Brown, of the city of New-York, mariner … late a seaman on board the schr. Jonquille, whereof John Wood was master, being duly sworn, doth depose and say, that on the third day of September last, he sailed from the port of New-York, bound to Jacqueinel, in the island of St Domingo;—that on or about the 20th of the said month, they experienced a very heavy gale from the south-east, and were obliged to lie to under bar poles, it blowing a perfect hurricane; that while lying to, the said schr. was upset; that before they had time to cut away the masts, or do any thing to relieve the vessel, the master, supercargo, and a passenger, and all the crew excepting the deponent, the mate, and one hand, were washed overboard and drowned; that the survivors of the said crew remained lashed to the wreck without any thing to subsist upon until Friday the 5th, when the mate died, and on the following day the other man also perished; and that on the succeeding day (Sunday) this deponent was taken off the wreck by the ship Urbano, bound from New-York to Jamaica.

      N. Brown,  X  his mark

 Sworn to before me, this 11th day of November in the year of our Lord, 1815.[30]


Other record sources confirm that “________ Waterbury, Supercargo” was the brother whose death was deeply mourned by the Waterbury family.




In his Memoir of the Rev. John Scudder, M.D.,[32]  Catherine and Harriet’s brother, Jared Bell Waterbury adds insight into the family’s situation before and after brother William Waterbury drowned at sea.[33] Jared writes: “Other members of the family engaged his attention with a view to their conversion, and ere long the mother, two of the daughters, and the younger son sat down together at the same communion board. We do not affirm that all these conversions were owing to the zeal and efforts of Dr Scudder. A concurrence of affecting circumstances worked in unison with his Christian efforts to bring about the religious change in this family. The oldest brother, of noble character and dearly beloved, was drowned in mid ocean about this period. His death was as God’s voice thundering in their consciences.” Jared also spoke of a revival of power that was in progress in their Church they attended and saw the confluence of these several influences in “bringing this whole family to the foot of the Cross.”[34] The Second Great Awakening, a spiritual revival movement that began in America about 1800, was in full swing when the Waterburys were gathered among its converts.


Catherine (Waterbury) Carman writes of her own spiritual struggle and how she went through a severe period of selfdoubt, doubting that she was “fit for heaven.” She continues, “When hope seemed to have entirely fled, I went to an evening meeting…and in the prayer before sermon, light broke in upon my soul. Never shall I forget how sweetly this sentence…sounded in my ears, ‘We thank thee, oh God, that thou hast given us a Saviour, we thank thee that our transgressions are buried with him in the grave.’ Now the way was plain, now Jesus in all his lovely attributes and perfections was brought to my view…It was with difficulty that I could keep from weeping aloud. Friends about me witnessed the change, without my uttering a word.” She tells that she “returned to her mother a changed creature, and told her of all the Lord had done for my soul. Together as a family we wept and prayed….”[35]


The Waterburys subsequent conversion to Jesus Christ was due to several influences converging at once but included the help of Dr. John Scudder. Through his efforts, his future wife Harriet’s conversion preceded the rest[36] and occurred before her marriage to Dr. John Scudder on 20 January 1816.[37]


Catherine writes:

The Lord had been dealing with other members of my family, and three of us had found the Saviour to be precious. In the winter of 1817, my beloved mother, my dear sister, Mrs. Scudder, and myself enjoyed the great privilege of publicly professing our faith in Christ, in the Rutgers street church. Three months after, my dear and only [living] brother was enabled to renounce the world and join in communion in the same church.[38]


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Rutgers Presbyterian Church, New York, New York


Catherine continued, “My husband was absent from home, at the time of my coming out from the world, and I had many fears as to his approval of the step I had taken. God was better to me than my fears, and I had the happiness to find him not opposed on his return.” Catherine continued at times to accompany her husband on his ocean voyages. She states, “Were there time, I should like to tell you of my various exercises of mind while visiting at different times some of the gayest cities in Europe, and while crossing so often the mighty ocean.”[40] She says,


Yes, I have indeed seen many of the wonderful works of God as exhibited to those who go down to the sea in ships; but I must hasten to say that after years of undeserved happiness, my husband was removed from me in a very unexpected moment. He had been in rather delicate health for a few weeks, but was quite able to attend to business, and did so until a few days preceding his decease. He died with comparatively little suffering, and was almost unconscious of the solemn change which was passing upon him. An awful uncertainty hung about his prospects for eternity. Then indeed, my dear friend, the billows went over my soul, and I often exclaimed, ‘was there ever sorrow like unto my sorrow?’ I can touch but lightly upon it now. It is enough to say that my health sunk under it…[41]


Catherine’s conversion was an important step that prepared her for the Rev. Miron Winslow entering her life seven years later. After the death of Capt. Ezekiel Carman, Catherine had for a long time “remained a widow, soothing her sorrows in the society of her mother and sisters. Connected with the families of the latter were several little ones, who—having no children of her own—became objects of deepest interest, and for whose amusement and instruction much of [her] journal…was written. She was thus engaged, when the Rev. Mr. Winslow, on a visit to this country in 1835, made the proposition to her to unite her labors with his in the important and responsible work of foreign missions.”[42]


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Miron Winslow, later in life.[43]


Catherine records: “I think I could see the hand of the Lord guiding me as plainly as though a fellow mortal had been pointing me through a labyrinth. With the consent of friends I was united to Mr. Winslow in marriage, April 23, 1835,”[44] at New York City.[45]


This change in her life would mean her own round of painful goodbyes of leaving her loved ones in America to spend the remainder of her life in missionary service in Ceylon and India. In addition to gaining a new husband of remarkable ability and character, there was a consolation from her decision to which she earnestly looked forward for it entailed the prospect of seeing her dear sister Harriet W. Scudder and her family again in a faraway land. That is, if no ill had befallen Harriet. Catherine could only hope and pray. Catherine’s detailed diary is a log of the voyage and of her own thoughts weighing upon her mind. On January 9th, at Lat. 28º 14’, Long. 28º 30’, she writes:


Since I have been on the sea, I think often of departed friends ‘not lost but gone before.’ Often, very often of our dear elder brother, whose grave was made in the stormy waters. I gaze on the hollow sounding and mysterious ocean until I almost lose all consciousness of what is about me. I think of the vast treasures within its bosom, but what are its pale glistening pearls, its riches of gold and gems, what are these compared with the hearts it has entombed?[46]


The sea shall give up its dead, and uncover the spoils of its vast treasure-house in the great day when all shall appear. No matter where death meets us, or where our bodies are destined to lie, whether the booming waters roar above us, or we sleep peacefully under the green sod, the summons will reach us, and the great question with our souls should be, Are we ready for that day? Blessed be God for the continuance of life and health, and for prolonged opportunities of preparing for death and judgment.[47]


Many more tender words to her mother or sister were recorded on this voyage, signaling her deep love for her family back home, and even occasionally permitting herself to record her feelings of homesickness for them. After months at sea, aboard ship on March 18, 1836 as the Winslow’s neared Ceylon, Catherine recorded these words:


March 18th­– Early this morning land was seen from the mast-head. It proved to be some of the highest peaks in Ceylon. I came up as soon as I felt able and took a look at that island which is to be my home while living, and in all probability my last resting-place. Dear mother, you cannot imagine my feelings. I could not talk and laugh, as others did about me, in the fullness of their joy at seeing land; but on the contrary, found it difficult to repress my tears; not tears of regret, dear mother, but they flow from affecting thoughts as to my unfitness to do my duty…


Shall I see dear sister H[arriet], or shall I have to hear the intelligence that she is not!…I shall not be able to do all I wish, on account of illness.


Monday, 21st—Yesterday we were passing along the coast south of Madras quite near the shore…when night closed in upon us and prevented our seeing Madras as we came near it…At midnight we cast anchor in the roads opposite Madras.


Afternoon.—Mr. W[inslow] has returned, bringing letters from the dear friends at Jaffna.

H[arriet] and her family are well, and have long been very anxiously expecting us. It will be some weeks yet ere I can hope to see them, but it is a great relief to my mind to know that they are well.[48]


The Winslow attended to some mission business in Madras. While there they were kindly entertained by missionaries and even some government officials. On April 7th they began travel by land by palanquin (or litter) to Madura where they would embark for Ceylon after visiting with the missionaries at that station.[49] Her diary records her impressions of the new land.


After almost two months of suspense filled waiting, finally, on May 3, 1836, Catherine writes, “I am now, my dear mother, (after all my wanderings), with H[arriet]. Your children, so long separated, have at least been permitted to meet. And as I promised, I will tell you of the circumstances of our meeting.”[50]

To Be Continued

[1] Jared Bell Waterbury, Remains of Mrs. Catherine Winslow: A Member of the American Mission at Madras India, (Boston: Massachusetts Sabbath School Society, 1851), front matter.

[2] The missionary couples left Boston on June 8, 1819 and arrived in Calcutta on October 20, 1819.

Henry Woodward Hulbert, “Princeton Seminary’s First Foreign Missionary—Henry Woodward,” Princeton Theological Review, v. XVII, (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1919), 108.

[3] Miron Winslow, Harriet Lathrop Winslow, A Memoir of Mrs. Harriet Wadsworth Winslow, Combining a Sketch of the Ceylon Mission, (1835), Front Matter.

[4] A ship similar to their sailing vessel which was the brig Indus. Plate Nr. 89 as shown in “The Sailing Ships of New England 1607–1907” caption: Brigantine “Experiment,” of Newburyport, 114 Tons, Built at Amesbury in 1803. From a water-color painted in 1807 by Nicolay Carmillieri, (1807). John Robinson, George Francis Dow, The Sailing Ships of New England 1607–1907. Public Domain.

[5] E. B. Huntington, A Genealogical Memoir of the Lo-Lathrop Family in this Country, 38, 46–47, 57–61, 73-74, 78–80, 108, 152–153. Mrs. Winslow was also related to another later Scudder missionary, David Coit Scudder on at least the Coit, Lathrop, Leffingwell and Scudder family lines. See Scudder Association Foundation Genealogical Database, scudder.org.

[6] Courtesy of Cy Sherman, former secretary for the Scudder Association.

[7] “Two Hundred Years in the Making, In Appreciation for a Unique Life of Service: Love and Strength of Character Motivated Dr. John Scudder to Labor in India,” Scudder Family Historical & Biographical Journal, Scudder Association Foundation, volume 1, no. 1,  (April 2019), https://scudder.org/200-years-in-the-making/.

[8] John Holt Rice, Benjamin Holt Rice, Memoir of James Brainerd Taylor, 2d ed., (New York: American Tract Society, 1933), 17. Observing this tender scene, James B. Taylor, was so moved to tears and action that he recorded his impressions in his personal diary under date of May 24, 1819, along with his newfound decision to commit his own life to the ministry also.

[9] For details about their prior lives and decision to go into foreign missionary service see “In Appreciation for a Unique Life of Service: Strength of Character Motivated Dr. John Scudder to Labor in India,” Scudder Biographical and Genealogical Journal, Scudder Association Foundation, volume 1, no. 1, (April 2019), scudder.org.

[10] Miron Winslow and Harriet Wadsworth Lathrop Winslow, Levi Spaulding and Mary Christie Spaulding, Henry Woodward.

[11] “The Oodooville Girls Boarding School,” image from Mary Leitch, Seven Years in Ceylon: stories of mission life, (New York: American Tract Society, 1890), 73.

[12] Dr. D. C. Ambalavanar, “John Scudder, Physician and Missionary,” Columbia Medicine Magazine, Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, http://www.columbiamedicinemagazine.org/webextra/spring-2017/node%3Atitle%5D-1.

[13] Jared Bell Waterbury, Remains of Mrs. Catherine Winslow: A Member of the American Mission at Madras India, (Boston: Massachusetts Sabbath School Society, 1851), front matter.

[14] “U.S., Newspaper Extractions from the Northeast, 1704–1930 for Harriet Waterbury,” New York Weekly Museum, https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/50015/images/40699_1220705043_3600-00518?treeid=&personid=&hintid=&queryId=dd3bd93281bbe2f37eb2cdf7a2ebca8d&usePUB=true&_phsrc=Brl549&_phstart=successSource&usePUBJs=true&_ga=2.7202865.2004307244.1609472859-1490232209.1592514106&pId=862592. The entry reads: “Scudder, John, M. D., mar. Miss Harriet Waterbury, both of this city (Jan. 20, 1816).”

[15] Harriet had been certified by the Presbyterian Ch., Rutgers. “New York, Northwest Dutch Church,” at Ancestry,  https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/60766/images/43103_356267-00220?treeid=&personid=&hintid=&queryId=dd3bd93281bbe2f37eb2cdf7a2ebca8d&usePUB=true&_phsrc=Brl551&_phstart=successSource&usePUBJs=true&_ga=2.205835792.2004307244.1609472859-1490232209.1592514106&pId=2303775

A later entry on the same line in the same hand, under remarks, noted, “Gone with her Husband to the Mis. Of Ceylon.”

[16] Jared Bell Waterbury, 8.

[17] “War of 1812 Papers Privateer Finding Aid,” Privateer Finding Aid Reel 1, p. 10, https://loyalist.lib.unb.ca/sites/default/files/War%20of%201812%20Papers%20Privateer%20Finding%20Aid.pdf.

[18] Robert Charles Anderson, “John Carman,” in The Great Migration Begins, v. 1, A–F, 311–315,


[19] Natalie A. Naylor, ed., The Roots and Heritage of Hempstead Town, (Interlaken, N.Y.: Heart of the Lakes Publishing, for Hofstra University, 1994), 125, fn 1. Naylor cites Edmund O’Callaghan and Berthold Fernow, Documents Relating to the Colonial History of New York (Albany: Weed Parsons, 1883), 14:530.

[20] Robert Gaston Herbert, “The First Real Estate Transaction in Hempstead December 13th, 1643,” mural the Hempstead Village Hall,” 1947. Courtesy of Village of Hempstead.

[21] Waterbury, 8.

[22] Ship manifest from the Brig Ohio, Ezekiel Carman, captain, record image at Ancestry.

[23] Waterbury, 8.

[24] Ezekiel Carman, New York, U.S., Wills and Probate Records, 1659–1999, Liber 62, Page115, Record of Wills, 1665-1916; Index to Wills, 1662-1923 (New York County); Author: New York. Surrogate’s Court (New York County); Probate Place: New York, New York, Ancestry.com. New York, U.S., Wills and Probate Records, 1659-1999 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2015,


[25] Waterbury, 6–8.

[26] Waterbury, 13.

[27] Waterbury, 13–14.

[28] https://publicdomainvectors.org/en/free-clipart/Schooner-image/56954.html.

[29] Waterbury, 13–14.

[31] Mortuary Notice, National Advocate, Tuesday, Nov. 14, 1815, New York, NY, Vol: III, Issue 912, page 2, Ancestry.

[32] Jared Bell Waterbury, Memoir of the Rev. John Scudder, M.D., thirty-six years missionary in India, (New York: Harper, & Brothers. 1870), 18–21. This account of Waterburys’ conversion is summarized in “Two Hundred Years in the Making, In Appreciation for a Unique Life of Service: Love and Strength of Character Motivated Dr. John Scudder to Labor in India,” Scudder Family Historical & Biographical Journal, volume 1, no. 1,  (April 2019), https://scudder.org/200-years-in-the-making/.

[33] William M. Waterbury, November 22, 1815, Connecticut Newspaper Notices Vol 56, Connecticut, U.S., Hale Collection of Cemetery Inscriptions and Newspaper Notices, 1629–1934. It states: Waterbury, William M. At Sea.

[34] Waterbury, Memoir of Rev. John Scudder, 19.

[35] Waterbury, Memoir of Rev. John Scudder, 14­–15.

[36] See the account in  A Story 200 Years in the Making, In Appreciation for a Unique Life of Service: Strength of Character Motivated Dr. John Scudder to Labor in India,” https://scudder.org/200-years-in-the-making/.

[37] Harriet Scudder marriage to Dr. John Scudder, U.S., Newspaper Extractions from the Northeast, 1704-1930 for Harriet Waterbury,” Ancestry, https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&dbid=50015&h=862592&tid=&pid=&queryId=bab9adf03eedc5c329ba201e6b1337a3&usePUB=true&_phsrc=Brl630&_phstart=successSource.

[38] Waterbury, Remains of Mrs. Catherine Winslow, 16.

[39] Jim Henderson, “Rutgers Presbyterian n church house jeh.jpg, (10 July 2020), https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rutgers_Presbyterian_n_church_house_jeh.jpg. Public domain.

[40] Waterbury, Remains of Mrs. Catherine Winslow, 17–18.

[41] Waterbury, Remains of Mrs. Catherine Winslow,

[42] Waterbury, Remains of Mrs. Catherine Winslow, 8–9.

[43] “Rev. Miron Winslow,” in Holton, between pages 595–596.

[44] Waterbury, Remains of Mrs. Catherine Winslow, 19.

[45] “Rev. Miron Winslow, D.D., LL.D., in David-Parsons Holton, Frances Keturah Forward Holton, Winslow Memorial, v. 2, (New York: Mrs. Frances K. Holton, publisher, 1888), 596.

[46] Waterbury, Remains of Mrs. Catherine Winslow, 84.

[47] Waterbury, Remains of Mrs. Catherine Winslow, 85.

[48] Waterbury, Remains of Mrs. Catherine Winslow, 150–153.

[49] Waterbury, Remains of Mrs. Catherine Winslow, 188–214. Catherine describes in detail all the sights and places they visited along the way up to page 244.

[50] Waterbury, Remains of Mrs. Catherine Winslow, 245.


© Scudder Association Foundation, All rights reserved


1 Comment

  1. Cynthia Sherman

    How interesting! In reading about Harriet’s trial and tribulations I can imagine that Catherine’s presence must have
    especially important.


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