Scudder Family Historical & Biographical Journal

‘Dedicated to informing, preserving and promoting the Scudder family heritage of service and philanthropy’

Judge Townsend Scudder II image

Journal Vol 1, no 1 April 2019

Journey to India

This Chronicle is a record of the trip to India by members of The Scudder Association Foundation in January 2019 to celebrate the 200th Anniversary of John and Harriet Scudder’s sailing from Boston to begin the medical missionary work of the Scudders on the Indian Continent.

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A Story 200 Years in the Making . . .

“I go from love to Christ and to souls. The very self-denial of the work allures me. It is my happiness to go.”
It is two hundred years from the time the Rev. John Scudder embarked on his trail-blazing journey as the first medical missionary from America to go to a foreign land, to minister to body and spirit of then unknown souls more than 8000 miles away

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Who Was Mabel J. Scudder?

Find the Answer in This True 130-Year-old Love Story from India On the Scudder Association’s Foundation’s 2019 bicentennial excursion to India, Samuel approached James Taylor with his prized possession, a Bible that is at least 125 years old. “Who was Mabel J. Scudder?” he asked. On the flyleaf was written, “Mr. Gopalsamy Mudalier from Mabel J. Scudder, Christmas 1893.”

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No Greater Love

The Scudders of India have a long family tradition of devoting their lives to the assistance of others. But what if you were not a Scudder? When a Scudder took a bride, planning to return to India, did their vow include,\” …to have and to hold from this day forward, for better for worse,

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Straight From The Horse’s Mouth

Thirty years ago, in an earnest effort to call attention to significant errors to be found in numerous Scudder genealogies circulating the globe, David B. Scudder, the Scudder Association’s editor of Scudder Searches, warned:

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Journal Vol 1, no 2 June 2019

English Yeomen in the 16th Century

In the 15th century, when Thomas of Salem and his brother, the Rev. Henry of Collingbourne Ducis, and their parents were born, the yeoman occupied an important position in the rural middle class. The term “yeoman” first appeared in the 4th century following the Black Death (bubonic plague).

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A Surprising Scudder India Bicentennial Bonus

Curiosity can sometimes lead to unexpected but pleasing discoveries. When Dr. John and Harriet (Waterbury) Scudder set sail for Calcutta and Ceylon, three other missionary couples were with them. We couldn’t help but ask, “Who were they and what life experiences brought them to dedicate themselves to missionary service for the rest of their lives?”

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Journal Vol 1, no 3 December 2019

Was it Heredity or Environment?

When someone does something out of the ordinary, especially when they engage in a cause bigger than themselves for which they know they may give up their lives, curiosity begs to explore their motivations and what influences formed their decisions.

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Who Was Joanna (Leffingwell) Lathrop

The year 2019 is also the bicentennial year of the first of the four Lathrop/Scudder missionaries to enter service to Ceylon. We honor them and their exceptional family with several articles in this December 2019 issue of the Scudder Family Historical & Biographical Journal.

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The American Lathrop Story Begins

The Lathrop sisters’ parents’ heritage begins with Rev. John1 Lothrop who fled from England’s persecutors and from his incarceration for his religion, arriving in Massachusetts in 1634. (In order to promote the accurate biographical data for Rev. John Lothrop and his family,

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Christmas at Vellore Medical School

“Well, Christmas is over and the New Year almost upon us. I had my celebration in Vellore as I was on Obstetric and Gynecological duty. Before Christmas, everyone was busy getting things ready. The nurses were planning their ward decorations: there were rehearsals for the Christmas plays; and everyone was doing up mysterious parcels for at least two weeks before.

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Journal Vol 2, no 1 Spring 2020

John Scudder of Barnstable

John2 Scudder (J) was the first of the family to arrive in the western hemisphere. The early life story of John2 Scudder (J) of Barnstable would be incomplete without mentioning the extraordinary times in which he lived and his extended family relationships of historical interest.

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The Trail of Clues to John Scudder

Many years ago John2 Scudder received the designation John (J) by the Scudder Association for being the immigrant ancestor of an extensive line of Scudder descendants in America referred to as the Scudder (J) line. He has a great posterity but until the 1990s his true English origins were obscured.

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If You Are an American Scudder,

Which Is Your Courageous Immigrant Ancestor? John Scudder, b. 1618 or his sister Elizabeth Scudder, b. 1625 or Their Uncle Thomas Scudder, 1587? From the beginning of the history of the American Scudder family, one family trait stands out strong. Scudders are willing and able to do hard things to better their circumstances.

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Dr. John Scudder’s First Hospital in Ceylon

An “island” oasis of Palmyra palms in the middle of rice fields is reached by a single lane road raised about six feet above the fields.  It was on that virtual “island” that Dr. John situated his first hospital. A twenty-minute walk from the hospital takes you to the Panditeripu mission station

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IF HARRIET SCUDDER’S FAITH COULD TAME WILD TIGERS

Stories about faith-filled, courageous ancestors can strengthen us when we too are faced with extraordinary adversities. For generations, Rev. John Scudder, M.D. and his wife Harriet W. Scudder have inspired many for their unflinching service in Sri Lanka and India. Dr. Scudder was a pioneer medical missionary in Ceylon and India.

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Journal Vol 2, no 2 Fall 2020

Journal Vol 3, no 1 Winter 2021

Young Aunt Ida
DR. IDA S. SCUDDER, (1870—1960), EXCERPT #ONE FROM A THOUSAND YEARS IN THY SIGHT

‘’Illay,* Amma,’ the brahmin replied proudly. ‘I would not think of having a man deliver my wife: I would rather that she should die than be seen by another man. If you cannot come, I must lose her.’ Ida had pled with the husband to let her father, Dr. John, deliver the baby, but to no avail. She had even offered to go with them and do what she could under her father’s direction, but the Brahmin was adamant. She had no medical training: she was forced to let this husband go without aid for his dying wife.

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The Haystack Monument

What does a monument to a haystack have to do with members of the Scudder family offering over a thousand years of service (in a total of combined years served) to the people of India, Hawaii, Japan, China, South Africa and Arabia?

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Journal Vol 3, no 2 Spring 2021

Cutting-edge Scudders, Building Bridges to People Who Were Different

The early immigrant Scudders and missionary-minded Scudders featured in this issue had unique opportunities to engage with people of other races, ethnicities, cultures, religions and politics that were different than their own. They moved to different countries or colonies where they were considered the strangers by those who were already present.

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Samuel Scudder, b. 1643, Grandson of Thomas Scudder (T) by His Son John

Not much is known about Samuel3 Scudder, (known hereafter as Samuel I), oldest son of John2 and grandson of Thomas1 (T).  He does not appear in the baptismal records of the Salem Church so he must have been born about 1643 in Salem, Massachusetts because his younger brother John3 was born in 1645 according to his marriage record, and his parents joined the church in 1647. His three sisters’ baptismal records are after that date.

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The Different Man In Rural Japan: Frank Scudder’s Recollection at age 90 about Being a “Foreigner” in Western Japan in the 1880s

 An early writer on Japan said the people were as different from us as if they had dropped from the planet Mars. It is interesting to note that in Japan a common word for foreigner is “i-jin” – the Different Man. If they seem different to us, is it strange if we seem different to them? We write in horizontal lines, they in perpendicular columns; we read from left to right; they from right to left; we say, “The man went to Yokohama”; they say, “Yokohama to went man”. Using the saw and plane, we push the tool from us; they draw it toward them. On the summit of Fujiyama there is a bubbling spring of water. What, are even the mountains upside-down. Which of us really is the different man?

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Journal Vol 3, no 3 Summer/Fall 2021

John and Mary (King) Scudder, 17th Century Pioneers on Long Island

To continue the story of John and Mary (King) Scudder of Newtown, Long Island from our Spring 2021 journal issue,[2] articles in this Summer/Fall 2021 issue will share more about this couple’s pioneering activities and about some of their remarkable pioneering posterity who are not generally recognized as Scudders, due to their descent through a female line.

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Map of New Amsterdam
Elizabeth Scudder Alburtus, Daughter of John and Mary King Scudder

In the sense of being “the first to do a particular thing.” Elizabeth Scudder, the daughter of John Scudder and Mary (King) Scudder, was a “pioneer” among American Scudders when she was the first to marry into a Dutch New Netherland family. Her husband was John2 Alburtus whose parents were Pietro1 Alberti and Judith Jans Manje, documented in New Netherland by 1635 and 1642 respectively

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Stewart Lee Udall’s Life Sketch Part I

If our cousin, Stewart Lee Udall could see the environmental degradation happening to our planet today, he would roll over in his grave. But he would not be surprised. He saw it coming. He predicted it. He warned that if we didn’t take action, this would happen!  But Stewart took action. He spent a lifetime of vigorous action and bold leadership in defense of the Earth and humanity’s future.

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Udall: A Letter to My Grandchildren

This is the most important letter I will ever write. It concerns your future—and the tomorrows of the innumerable human beings who share this vulnerable, fragile planet with you.
It involves changes that must be made if environmental disasters are to be avoided. The response to this challenge will shape the future of the entire human race.

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Levi Stewart picture
A LIFE HISTORY OF LEVI STEWART

Levi Stewart’s journals were lost in a tragic fire, so these recollections about his life are taken primarily from accounts by his children and grandchildren. A few other sources have been added to provide historical context, including connecting him to his Scudder ancestry.

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Melinda Howard Stewart and Children
Three Noble Latter-day Saint Utah Pioneer “Foremothers” of Distinction

During his lifetime, Levi Stewart was blessed with three strong, steadfast, faith-filled wives, so consecrated to God that they were willing to bear the hardships of pioneering not only in new frontier settlements but in pioneering also of a new 19th century religion that they believed was a restoration of Jesus Christ’s ancient Christian church with its spiritual power and authority.

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Biographical Sketch of Margery Wilkerson, 1832–1870

Margery (Wilkerson) Stewart was born in Jackson County, Indiana on 16 Nov 1832. According to his tombstone, her father, Thomas Wilkerson, was born on 17 January 1797. In other records, his birthplace is given as Richmond, Madison, Kentucky.[1] In Muhlenberg, Kentucky, on October 1817, Thomas Wilkerson married his first wife Effie Forehand

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Biography of Artemacy Wilkerson Stewart, 1834–1914

Stories of Artemacy (Wilkerson) Stewart’s life, along with tributes to her remarkable character, are preserved in histories written by her posterity, all of whom describe her as a saintly woman who ministered in extraordinary ways to her large family and to her community.

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The Stewarts and Their Assistance to John Wesley Powell’s Second Expedition to Measure, Map and Explore Southern Utah and Arizona

Major John Wesley Powell’s first expedition had taken them through Kanab in 1870 on their way to explore the Colorado River. In the winter of 1871–1872, Powell’s second expedition, returned again. Powell had begun the project in the spring of 1869 but had “lost one of their four boats loaded with equipment and food, and the trip turned into a race with starvation.

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Levi Stewart Memorial and Other Kanab Monuments

On this the 20-year anniversary of the Levi Stewart Memorial Park, with this article, this Summer/Fall 2021 issue of the Scudder Family Historical and Biographical Journal pays tribute to Scudder descendant, Levi Stewart, and the Stewart branch of the Scudder family who has a rich history of “service to others.”

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Journal Vol 4, no 1 Spring 2022

Map of Oyster Bay
Scudder Research Led to New Perspectives about Samuel and Lydia Stewart: Long Island Roots and Relationships for Stewart, Scudder, and Harrison, in New York, Delaware, Virginia, and North Carolina; and add Potter et al. in Delaware

Most of us want to know who our ancestors are and from whence they came. For some, this means a family history mystery that requires gathering enough clues to put the puzzle pieces together accurately. This is especially true for those who feel a gnawing skepticism about speculations some have made.

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The Cooper, Joseph2 Ludlam, and the Blacksmith Isaiah1 Harrison, Engines of Commerce at Early Oyster Bay, Had Early Ties to Scudders and to Dr. John1 Stewart, the Cooper

When Isaiah1 Harrison, Sr. took over the blacksmith shop at Oyster Bay in 1687, Joseph2 Ludlam’s cooper shop was next door. Nearby was the home and shop where the shoemaker, Gideon2 Wright (Peter1) had lived before he died in 1685, leaving his widow Elizabeth2 (Townsend) Wright with eight minor children to raise.

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Scudders of Ten Farms, Huntington in Disputed Territory on West Side of Nissequogue River, and a Summary of Huntington’s Land Dispute with Richard1 Smith, Patentee of Smithtown

In his book, Settlers by the Long Grey Trail, J. Houston Harrison must not have been fully satisfied with his speculation that Isaiah1 Harrison, Sr.’s second wife Abigail was a Smith, for he made an extensive search of various genealogies that included thirteen families: the “Carpenters, Davises, Hallocks, Lawrences, Loyds, Smiths, Townsends, Underhills, Warrens, Weekes, Whiteheads, Willets and Wrights”

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Like a Few Other “Traditions” about Isaiah Harrison’s Family Relationships, Speculation that Abigail, 2nd Wife of Isaiah Harrison, Sr. Was a “Smith” Is Contradicted by Long Island Sources

This investigation of Long Island records that pertains to Lydia2 (Harrison) Stewart’s Long Island roots and relationships confirms there are errors in some speculative relationships proposed in Setters by the Long Grey Trail, a comprehensive history of the Isaiah1 Harrison, Sr. family that was published in 1935 by author J. Houston Harrison,

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Why Did Isaiah1 and Abigail _? Harrison Move from Oyster Bay to Smithtown in 1702? The Hunt for Abigail among Isaiah1, Sr.’s In-laws including Scudder, Townsend Connections?

In exploring motives for their move, since finding Isaiah1, Sr.’s earliest record at Long Island, there are new possibilities to consider in the hunt for Mrs. Abigail Harrison’s identity. See Chapter One, page 2, especially since this record includes persons from Isaiah1’s soon to be in-laws’ relatives. These were DAVID3 SCUDDER, David3’s stepbrother JOHN2 JONES, and ROBERT ARTHUR, Thomas2 Scudder, Jr. and Mary (Ludlam) Scudder’s son-in-law

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Patentees
William Lawrence and John Harrison of Flushing. Did Isaiah Harrison, Sr.’s Mother-in-law Have Ties to the Lawrences Too?

So far in this investigation, Isaiah1 Harrison, Sr.’s mother-in-law, Elizabeth2 (Townsend) (Wright) Ludlam, has been at the hub of relationships to nearly every person named with Isaiah1 Harrison, Sr. in his Long Island records. Although, there is no reason to believe that William1 Lawrence, Sr. and John1 Townsend I had any family relationship, as shown by historical records,

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The First Record for Samuel2 Stewart Is the Will of His Father Dr. John1 Stewart/Stuart and This Sussex County, Delaware Will Confirms Samuel2 Stewart’s Long Island Roots

In the preceding chapters, this account of Samuel2 Stewart’s story from his Guidebook to research about him has begun with the background of Samuel2’s Long Island roots and relationships. But the documentary history specific to Samuel2 Stewart begins with the Sussex County, Delaware will of his father, Dr. John1 Stewart/Stuart. Samuel2’s father’s will, dated 1 September 1704

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Journal Vol 4, no 2 December 2022

Journal Vol 5, no 1 Winter 2023

Scudder Family Historical & Biographical Journal, volume 5, no. 1 (Winter 2023)

This issue of the Journal focuses on Notable Ancestors and Descendants of Richard4 “Betts” Scudder that Pertain to All Three American Scudder Lines so there is something here for all Scudder descendants to discover. This issue has Puritan history about Richard4’s ancestors and American Revolutionary War history that features three of Richard “Betts” Scudder’s grandchildren, including his grandson-in-law John4 Hart, signer of the Declaration of Independence.

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The Rev. Henry1 Scudder and His Puritan In-laws, and Their Puritan Reformer Network

The Rev. Henry1 Scudder was a highly renowned Puritan voice in his era, known for his widely read how-to-book about the rewards of living a Christian life every day and for his impeccable Christian character. Therefore, it is not surprising that he was among the first group called by Parliament to be in the Westminster Assembly of Divines who were tasked with reconciling differences between the religious factions during the English Civil Wars.

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John3 Scudder, Jr., and Joanna2 (Betts) Scudder of Newtown, L.I. Their Parents and Children

John3 Scudder II was in the first generation of both sides of his family to be born in America. John3 Scudder’s father, John2 Scudder I was a teenager when he immigrated with his father, Thomas1 Scudder (T), the immigrant ancestor of the Scudder (T) Line in America, and his wife Elizabeth ___? whose maiden name is not known. (Thomas (T)’s wife’s name is not Lowers or Somers as corrected by Scudder Association publications for over fifty years). John3 Scudder,

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Richard “Betts” Scudder (1671-1754) of Scudder Falls, Hunterdon County, New Jersey.

Richard4 Scudder was born 1670/71 in Maspeth Kills, one of several villages in the town of Newtown, Long Island, the son of John3 Scudder and Joanna2 Betts (Richard1). In 1691, he married Hannah Reeder, daughter of John Reeder and Joanna Burroughs of Newtown. Rev. Eli F. Cooley nicknamed him Richard “Betts” Scudder in Genealogy of Early Settlers of Trenton and Ewing, “Old Hunterdon County,” New Jersey.

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Transcription of the Original Will of Richard4 “Betts” Scudder, will dated 2 March 1754

Transcribed from a copy of the original obtained from the NJ State Archives: Probate File 354J.
This copy has Richard Scudder’s mark, witness and executor signatures, the Judge’s signature, and indications of seals. There is another hand copied version labeled Probate Recorded Vol 7 p. 443. Transcribed by Clive Connor on March 11, 2023. Original capitalization and spellings were used with corrections in brackets as needed for clarification.

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The Will of John Hart

IN THE NAME OF GOD AMEN, I, JOHN HART of ——-Hopewell, in the County of Hunterdon, and in the State of New Jersey, being old and stricken in age, and labouring under infirmities of body, but of sound and perfect Mind and Memory,

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Journal Vol 5, no 2 Spring 2023

Who Was Dr John Stewart Husband of Elizabeth Alburtus Stewart

If a curious person meets a brick wall in her family history research, there is no telling at the beginning where that might lead. Not immediately finding the historical record that would answer this question: “Who was Dr. John1 Stewart?” resulted in one question leading to another, until I found myself immersed in the fascinating world of seventeenth century Long Island culture, full of interesting characters including the Scudder family and with unexpected plot twists to enrich appreciation for my roots and this segment of the history of America’s foundation.

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A Timeline for Elizabeth3 A. Stewart’s Father, John2 Alburtus and His Family, and Other Middelburg/Newtown News as Background for Dr. John1 and Elizabeth3 A. Stewart’s History

This timeline of events in the birth family of John2 Alburtus (Pietro1), that includes data for Elizabeth3 A. Stewart’s Scudder and Alburtus aunts and uncles, and her own birth family’s events, illustrates what was going on in town and in her family. It provides historical, social and geographical context and the neighborhood atmosphere of her early childhood.

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English Quaker Founder George Fox Visits Long Island in 1672: Elizabeth3 A. Stewart’s Relatives Were among the Populace Prepared for Fox’s Ideas

As Ms. Overton says, “No history of Long Island, religious or secular, would be complete that failed to record the part played by the steadfast, sturdy group of men and women whom Peter Stuvesant and others of his day dubbed ‘the heretical and abominable sect called Quakers;’” neither would the history of Dr. John1 and Elizabeth3 (Alburtus) Stewart be complete without mentioning the Quaker influence in the family of her mother’s parents, John2 Scudder I and Mary2 (King) Scudder

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Elizabeth3 (Alburtus) Stewart’s Quaker Uncle Samuel3 Scudder and His Controversy with Newtown’s Town Minister, the Rev. William1 Leverich, and other Pertinent Issues at Newtown

While records imply that religious affiliations of Dr. John1 and Elizabeth3 A. Stewart may have evolved over time, research to learn more exposed religious and social undercurrents in early Newtown, L.I. that are relevant to the history of Elizabeth3 (Alburtus) Stewart’s mother’s Scudder family. These give context to religious issues and other records later in Dr. John1 and Elizabeth A. Stewart’s history.

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The Mysterious James Stewart Mentioned in 1684 on Newtown Records

After the 1658 reference to the former meadow of James Stewart in Newtown, it was almost thirty years before the next recorded entry for someone with the surname of Stewart in Newtown, or on Long Island. In fact, the later reference in 1684 is the only other mention of Stewart besides Dr. John1 Stewart found thus far in any of the towns on Long Island.

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Journal Vol 5, no 3 Fall 2023

Remembering the 1912 Founders of the Scudder Association with Their Vision of Connection: How They Gathered 20th Century Scudders to the Family Circle and to Support Its India Legacy

On February 22, 1912, three gentlemen with the surname of Scudder sent out a Call to “the Scudders of America” with the mission statement of their vision of “summoning the Scudder Clan to a gathering in New York for the purpose” to organize the descendants of the “sturdy Pioneer Puritans, Thomas of Salem and John of Barnstable” into a cause bigger than themselves,

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A Group of Scudders Founded Scudder Memorial Association in 1911 to Raise Funds for the Construction of a New Scudder Memorial Hospital to Replace the Worn-out Facility of 1866

The Scudder Memorial Association was founded in 1911, the year prior to the founding of the Scudder Association of America in 1912. In 1913, Mrs. John L. Scudder wrote a history of the Scudder Memorial Association stating that it was founded on 10 March 1911 for two reasons: “to honor the Rev. John Scudder, M.D., for his self-sacrificing work as a pioneer medical missionary in India

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Silas Downer Scudder, Jr., 1917, 1921 5th President of the Scudder Association

Silas Downer Scudder (1860–1931) born in India, received his education in Germany and in England. He became a banker in San Antonio, Texas; president of the Jefferson Bank in New York City, He was for many years in charge of banks which were in receivers’ hands in Virginia, North Carolina and elsewhere. As he phrased it, he was a doctor for sick banks.’ He was a commander of the Knights Templar.

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Marvyn Scudder photo
Marvyn Scudder, 1922 8th President of the Scudder Association

Marvyn Scudder was a Yale man. He worked with a number of investigating companies and among others he was aide to Charles Evans Hughes in the Armstrong Insurance Investigation and to Mayor Mitchell in the investigation of the New York City Board of Education. He often acted as financial expert with House and Senate Committees. He became head of his own firm of investors and of the Investors Agency of New York.

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Scudder Memorial Association and Scudder Association of America Combined

When the Scudder Memorial Association with address of 1 Exchange Place, Jersey City, New Jersey filed its certificate of incorporation on 19 June 1911, its sole purpose was to raise funds to complete the construction of the new Scudder Memorial Hospital facility. Within ten years, members of the Scudder Association of America, that was formed in 1912 to include social and family history purposes, also were contributing substantially to the building of the hospital through a part of the association’s dues and personal donations.

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Theodore Townsend Scudder and His Bulletin

¬¬¬President Theodore Townsend Scudder Proposes to Publish the Scudder Association Bulletin,
Isabelle Scudder Farrington Invites the Scudders to Her School for the 1937 Annual Reunion, and a Decision to Merge the Scudder Association and the Scudder Memorial Association in 1938

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